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Treaties: Home

Find information to learn about treaties between Indigenous nations and Canada, with a focus on Winnipeg and Manitoba.

On Treaty land

Winnipeg is located within the boundaries of Treaty 1, signed August 3, 1871 at Lower Fort Garry.

Treaty 1 is also known as "The Stone Fort Treaty."   


About Treaties

About Treaty Number One

Treaty medal

Treaty medal cast to commemorate Treaty 1. Medal circa 1873.
Image source: Treaty Relations Commission of Manitoba

SOURCE: City of Winnipeg Indigenous Relations Division
SUMMARY: "The Indigenous Relations Division had the privilege to sit down with Elder Ruth Norton (Sagkeeng First Nation) to get her perspective on Treaty No. 1 and the Treaty relationship."

Treaty Rights

Treaty organizations in Manitoba

What are treaties and why are treaties still relevant?

SOURCE: University of Manitoba
Featuring: Elder Harry Bone, Dr. Jean Friesen, Jamie Wilson, (now former) Treaty Relations Commissioner of Manitoba, and Ovide Mercredi.

A First Nations Perspective on Treaties with Elder Harry Bone

SOURCE: Treaty Relations Commission of Manitoba

A Geographical Perspective on the Numbered Treaties in Canada

SOURCE: Canada's History Society. Presented by Connie Wyatt Anderson. Created in collaboration with the Treaty Relations Commission of Manitoba.

"Our Treaty Relatives" Sylvia McAdam

Part of Sylvia McAdam's Cree Teachings series of videos. 2014.

An Elder's Perspective with Elder Florence Paynter

SOURCE: Canada's History Society. Created in collaboration with the Treaty Relations Commission of Manitoba.

"The Gift of the Treaties" Nigaanwewidam James Sinclair

Delivered at Circle of Life Thunderbird House, Winnipeg. 2014.


For more in-depth research