SOURCE: Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada, Government of Canada.
SUMMARY: Information about more than 70 historical treaties negotiated with First Nations between 1701 and 1923, including original texts, archival images of signing ceremonies, a timeline of treaty-making in Canada, and guides to specific treaties.
SOURCE: Open Government portal, Government of Canada. Maps produced by the National Research Council, National Atlas of Canada 6th edition.
About Treaty Number One
SOURCE: City of Winnipeg Indigenous Relations Division
SUMMARY: "The Indigenous Relations Division had the privilege to sit down with Elder Ruth Norton (Sagkeeng First Nation) to get her perspective on Treaty No. 1 and the Treaty relationship."
In order to interpret and implement a treaty between the Crown and Canada's First Nations, we must look to its spirit and intent, and consider what was contemplated by the parties at the time the treaty was negotiated, argues Aim#65533;e Craft. Using a detailed analysis of Treaty One - today covering what is southern Manitoba - she illustrates how negotiations were defined by Anishinabe laws (inaakonigewin), which included the relationship to the land, the attendance of all jurisdictions' participants, and the rooting of the treaty relationship in kinship. While the focus of this book is on Treaty One, Anishinabe laws (inaakonigewin) defined the settler-Anishinabe relationship well before this, and the principles of interpretation apply equally to all treaties with First Nations.
SOURCE: Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada, Government of Canada. Report by Wayne E. Daugherty, Treaties and Historical Research Centre Research Branch, Corporate Policy, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, 1983
What are treaties and why are treaties still relevant?
SOURCE: University of Manitoba
featuring: Elder Harry Bone, Dr. Jean Friesen, Jamie Wilson, (now former) Treaty Relations Commissioner of Manitoba, and Ovide Mercredi
running time: approximately 2 hours, including question and answer period
"The Gift of the Treaties" Nigaanwewidam James Sinclair
SOURCE: Government of Canada
SUMMARY: "ATRIS is a Web-based information system intended to map out the location of Aboriginal communities and display information pertaining to their potential or established Aboriginal or treaty rights."
SOURCE: Library and Archives Canada
SUMMARY: "About the Database: Library and Archives Canada (LAC) holds an extensive, but not a complete, collection of historic Canadian Indian treaties, land surrenders, and related agreements. The collection contains documents that span more than 275 years, including a May 1680 seigneurial grant to the Jesuits in New France and a 1956 adhesion to western Treaty 6 (1876).
This series of documents is part of the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development fonds and consists of various treaties, surrenders and agreements."
SOURCE: Treaty Relations Commission of Manitoba
SUMMARY: "The Treaty Relations Commission of Manitoba (TRCM) in partnership with the Office of the Treaty Commissioner (OTC), collaborated with Elder Marion Meadmore to compile a history of presentations, speaking notes, agendas and background material on the Treaties 1-11 Gathering from 2005 – 2012."