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Treaties: Home

Find information to learn about treaties between Indigenous nations and Canada, with a focus on Winnipeg and Manitoba.

    

Welcome.

This guide shares information to help begin to learn about treaties between Indigenous nations and Canada.  It also shares resources that can be helpful for doing more in-depth research.

Winnipeg is located within the boundaries of Treaty 1, signed August 3, 1871 at Lower Fort Garry. Treaty 1 is also known as "The Stone Fort Treaty."

This guide is reviewed regularly. Check back for additions and updates. Upcoming sections of the Guide include treaty rights, treaty land entitlement and modern day treaties.


image: Treaty medal cast to commemorate Treaty 1. Medal circa 1873.
image credit: Treaty Relations Commission of Manitoba

 


 

About Treaties

Maps

About Treaty Number One

SOURCE: City of Winnipeg Indigenous Relations Division
SUMMARY: "The Indigenous Relations Division had the privilege to sit down with Elder Ruth Norton (Sagkeeng First Nation) to get her perspective on Treaty No. 1 and the Treaty relationship."


 

book cover: The treaties of Canada with the Indians of Manitoba and the North-West Territories : including the negotiations on which they were based, and other information relating thereto Treaties of Canada with the Indians
book cover: Solemn words and foundational documents : an annotated discussion of Indigenous-Crown treaties in Canada, 1752-1923 by Jean-Pierre Morin
book cover: The Right Relationship : Reimagining the Implementation of Historical Treaties by John Borrows

What are treaties and why are treaties still relevant?

SOURCE: University of Manitoba
featuring: Elder Harry Bone, Dr. Jean Friesen, Jamie Wilson, (now former) Treaty Relations Commissioner of Manitoba, and Ovide Mercredi
running time: approximately 2 hours, including question and answer period

"The Gift of the Treaties" Nigaanwewidam James Sinclair

Delivered at Circle of Life Thunderbird House, Winnipeg. 2014.
running time: approximately 48 minutes

A First Nations Perspective on Treaties with Elder Harry Bone

SOURCE: Treaty Relations Commission of Manitoba
running time: approximately 36 minutes

A Geographical Perspective on the Numbered Treaties in Canada

SOURCE: Canada's History Society. Presented by Connie Wyatt Anderson. Created in collaboration with the Treaty Relations Commission of Manitoba.
running time: approximately 54 minutes

An Elder's Perspective with Elder Florence Paynter

SOURCE: Canada's History Society. Created in collaboration with the Treaty Relations Commission of Manitoba.
running time: approximately 44 minutes

"Our Treaty Relatives" Sylvia McAdam

Part of Sylvia McAdam's Cree Teachings series of videos. 2014.
running time: approximately 8 minutes

 

For more in-depth research

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