A basic overview of Aboriginal and Treaty rights. See, especially, these sections:
*The Evolving Law on Aboriginal and Treaty Rights
-The Legal Authority to Enter into Treaties
-The Manitoba Treaties
-The Relationship of Treaties to the Indian Act
-Problems with the Validity and Text of Treaties
This Government of Canada site provides information about more than 70 historical treaties negotiated with First Nations between 1701 and 1923, including original texts, archival images of signing ceremonies, a timeline of treaty-making in Canada, and guides to specific treaties.
"About the Database
Library and Archives Canada (LAC) holds an extensive, but not a complete, collection of historic Canadian Indian treaties, land surrenders, and related agreements. The collection contains documents that span more than 275 years, including a May 1680 seigneurial grant to the Jesuits in New France and a 1956 adhesion to western Treaty 6 (1876).
This series of documents is part of the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development fonds and consists of various treaties, surrenders and agreements."
In order to interpret and implement a treaty between the Crown and Canada's First Nations, we must look to its spirit and intent, and consider what was contemplated by the parties at the time the treaty was negotiated, argues Aim#65533;e Craft. Using a detailed analysis of Treaty One - today covering what is southern Manitoba - she illustrates how negotiations were defined by Anishinabe laws (inaakonigewin), which included the relationship to the land, the attendance of all jurisdictions' participants, and the rooting of the treaty relationship in kinship. While the focus of this book is on Treaty One, Anishinabe laws (inaakonigewin) defined the settler-Anishinabe relationship well before this, and the principles of interpretation apply equally to all treaties with First Nations.
The Treaty Land Entitlement Committee of Manitoba represents Manitoba First Nations who have signed the Manitoba Treaty Land Entitlement Framework Agreement (1997) to settle treaty-based debts owed by the Government of Canada.